How To Produce Liquid Soap In Nigeria (Step By Step Guide)

How to produce liquid soap in Nigeria

Liquid soap is becoming a very popular product in the country today. Many use it for domestic purposes at home to wash clothes and kitchen utensils; restaurants and eateries are not left out too. One interesting thing that makes the demand for liquid soap to be  very high  is the fact that it is easier and cheaper to use than every other washing substances. Little wonder a lot of people are now venturing into the business. Capital for production is usually very low and one may not require any further teaching since internet has made everything beautiful in this generation of ours.

This article has been carefully written to guide those who may wish to produce liquid soap by themselves. Note that there might be other methods used for production, this particular one is one of the best because it is the product of so many researches and expertise of the author, you may however, stick to whatever method that will best work for you in future. You can start the business today on your own and specialize in the production and marketing of liquid soaps to make a lot of money for yourself.

Liquid Soap

CHEMICALS REQUIRED AND THEIR PROPORTION

The Chemicals required to produce liquid soaps are not far-fetched and are not expensive; they are readily available in our main markets. Just ask traders around where you can buy chemicals for liquid soap and you will be directed accordingly. The under listed are for the production of about 20 litres of the soap. The vendors that sell the chemicals can advise you on the quantities for a smaller volume production like 15 litres or even 10 litres, or as the case may be:

  1. Nitrosol (or Antisol)…….……… 1/8kg (i.e 125g).
  2. Caustic Soda…………………..……1/16kg (i.e 62.5g)
  3. Soda Ash (Sodium carbonate) ,,..1/8 Kg
  4. SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate) ….1/8kg
  5. Sulphonic Acid………………..……..1 ½ Ltr
  6. STPP……………………………….… 1/16Kg
  7. Texapon ………………………….…1/8kg
  8. Foam Booster………………………1/6 Ltr
  9. Formalin………………………………10Cl
  10. Colour (As desired)
  11. Glycerine (Optional)
  12. Perfume (As desired)
  13. Vitamin E (Optional)

Liquid Soap Production

DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTIONS OF CHEMICALS USED FOR LIQUID SOAP PRODUCTION

Water:

Water is the main solvent needed for the process to dissolve the various ingredients and also during fermentation phase. It is very essential in the production of liquid soap.

Nitrosol/Antisol:

Nitrosol

This serves as a thickener in the production of the liquid soap. It comes as a whitish substance and has the texture of a powdered milk. Nitrosol will dissolve immediately in water, but Antisol takes longer time to dissolve in water.

Caustic Soda:

Caustic Soda

It is whitish crystalline substances that looks much like a sample of granulated sugar. It forms a strong base when dissolved in water and can be corrosive if in contact with the skin. It is an essential ingredient in the soap making process. This is the stain or dirt removing agent in the liquid soap.

Soda Ash (Sodium carbonate):

Soda Ash

This is also a whitish substance but with much coarse grains, it serves to regulate the concentration of the Caustic Soda which ordinarily is corrosive to the skin. It helps to neutralize it.

SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate):

SLS

The SLS looks like rice grains and it’s whitish in colour too. It is a surfactant which helps to lower the surface tension of the aqueous solution. It is the main active foaming agent.

Texapon:

Texapon

The Taxapon is a pasty and jellylike substance, it also functions as a foaming agent and serves as foaming booster too. Many liquid soap producers don’t use Texapon and SLS together in same production; reason because both perform almost same function. They go with just one.

Sulphonic Acid:

Sulphonic Acid

This is a dark looking liquid substance. It serves to boost the performance of the SLS, it is also a foaming and cleaning agent. Please the word spells S-U-L-P-H-O-N-I-C and not S-U-L-P-H-U-R-I-C. The latter is very strong acid and can be very corrosive. please beware.

STPP (Sodium Tripolyphosphate):

STPP

STPP is a sodium salt of triphosphoric acid. It has the appearance of white crystal powder and looks very much like a table salt. It is a strong cleaning agent too and helps the SLS to work on its full potential.

Forming Booster:

Foaming booster

This also comes in liquid form and has transparent looks. As the name implies, it makes the liquid soap to foam very well.

Formalin:

The preservative agent. It should be used if the soap is to be stored for a long time like six months, especially if one is producing for commercial purposes. Please you can do without this chemical. It is very harmful if abused, it can cause CANCER.

Colour:

This normally comes as a powder and should be diluted with water before adding to the soap mixture. The colour adds beauty to the finished product. Most producers go with green colour.

Glycerine:

Usually helps your skin to remain hydrated and soft after using the soap.

Perfume:

This gives your soap a sweet fragrance. Most people prefer the lemon, pineapple, ambipur. lavender or strawberry fragrance in their production.

Vitamin E:

Offers a great deal of protection to the skin. E.g from damage, wrinkles etc.

PLEASE READ:  Aftershave Production
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OTHER REQUIREMENTS

  1. A big mixing bowl
  2. Containers
  3. Wooden spoon or stick for stirring
  4. A pair of Scissors
  5. Spoon
  6. Measurement bowl or container
  7. Hand glove
  8. Nose mask
  9. Rubber gloves

PROCEDURE

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One really needs a great deal of patience during stirring to make sure any chemical added in any stage dissolves properly before adding the next one

For smaller volume production, eg 8litres or 10litres. follow same process but work on your ratios. The vendors selling these chemicals usually sell them  already measured according to the volume of liquid soap to be produced. Just tell them how much volume you want to produce and they will give you the quantity of chemicals you require. It is advisable to start with small volume and grow big later. Measure out about 20 litres of water; then follow the underlisted steps:

  1. Ferment the Caustic Soda before production process by dissolving with 1 litre of water and allowing for 24 hours or overnight. Please keep all chemicals out of reach of children. Caustic soda is corrosive to the skin.
  2. Dissolve the Soda Ash as above (i.e with 1 litre of water and keep overnight for fermentation to take place)
  3. Dissolve the Nitrosol with 10 litres of water in a bigger mixing bowl just before production. In case you want to opt for Antisol in preference to Nitrosol, dissolve in same amount of water and let it stay for at least 24-48 hours before production. Note: this should be properly dissolved and will look like ‘starchy solution’ at the end.
  4. Dissolve the SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate) in 1 litre of water to produce a clear solution before production; keep it aside. This should be done at least one hour  before production. If you want it to dissolve well, dissolve in water and leave over night.
  5. Dissolve the STPP (Sodium Tripolyphosphate) in 1 litre of water before production and keep aside too. (Some people don’t use STPP for whatever reasons best known to them)
  6. Mix the Texapon and Sulphonic Acid together. Mix very well and dissolve further with 2 litres of water. Stirring should be done gently until mixture is well dissolved and homogenous. Note that this particular step is exothermic process; meaning that heat will be generated if you do it well.
  7. Dissolve the powdered colour with small quantity of water and keep aside.
  8. Gently pour the dissolved mixture of Sulponic Acid and Texapon into the mixing bowl containing dissolved Nitrosol(or Antisol}. Stir very well and gently until mixture becomes homogenous. You need patience here.
  9. Add the dissolved Caustic Soda into the mixing bowl above and stir very well.
  10. Add the dissolved Soda Ash next and stir very well until even.
  11. Next, add the STPP and stir properly
  12. Add the Dissolved SLS and stir more.
  13. Add Foam Booster to make it foam very well.
  14. Add your Formalin and keep stirring
  15. Vitamin E and Glycerine can be added at this point. Dont forget to stir and stir.
  16. Finally, allow the lather formed to disappear, then add the dissolved colour and perfume, and stir properly.
  17. Now add the remaining  water. Do this gradually, small quantity at a time, stir each time and pay close watch on the thickness until the desired is attained.

Note: Following this order is very important; if otherwise, you may end up producing something you may not like. Some people also believe that the SLS and Texapon should not be used together, that it’s either one uses Texapon alone or SLS alone, but not the two. Like I mentioned earlier, there are diverse methods of production and one should stick to whichever that works for him. For me, I use the two.

More so, the manner one mixes the SLS, Texapon. STPP, Sulphonic and Foaming Booster doesn’t really matter. The important thing is that the Caustic Soda goes into the mixing bowl containing the Nitrosol/Antisol first, then followed by Soda Ash. Then these (SLS/Texapon. STPP, Sulphonic and Foaming Booster), Vitamin E and Glycerine, and Finally Colour and Perfume.

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QUALITIES EXPECTED FROM A GOOD LIQUID SOAP

  1. Your soap is expected to foam very well.
  2. It must have a sweet fragrance.
  3. The colour must be appealing.
  4. Must be durable.
  5. Must not cause any form of irritation to the skin.

PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY DURING PRODUCTION

  1. Wear rubber gloves
  2. Use nose mask
  3. Carryout production in a well-ventilated environment with good illumination.
  4. In case of chemical splash to the face or delicate part of the body, wash very well with plenty water and see a physician as soon as you can.
  5. Keep all chemicals out of reach of children.
  6. Never taste any chemical with the tongue.
  7. Wear your apron or other protective clothing before you commence production.
  8. Most importantly, use your head. Don’t play with chemicals please.
  9. Etc

Thanks for your time!  I hope this is helpful. You may leave further questions or enquiry in the comment section below, of use any of the contact medium in our contact page.

 

 

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68 thoughts on “How To Produce Liquid Soap In Nigeria (Step By Step Guide)

    1. I guess too much exposure to sunlight. I have not really experienced that, but I have seen so many, especially those ones being sold.

    1. Not really, the chemical reaction is better when well dissolved. SLS has large particles like grains or rice. It requires a great deal of patience to dissolve properly. It won’t be like that forever, it will still dissolve in the liquid soap.

  1. goodmorning. gone through thids page for the first time. the production process is explicit. i made 10litres of soap and used all the chemicals listed here. sold some. but my customers complained it not foaming well. but when i took a little qty and diluted with small qty of water and use, it foamed well. what could be the likely reason. 2ndly the feel of the soap was too slippery when poured on the hand.

    1. Hello, was Foaming Boaster used in the production? You may also increase the quantity of Taxapon a little next time. Your second question…Soap is supposed to be a little slippery, if too slippery may be as a result of more than enough quantity of caustic soda. Always ensure you have good measurement containers or equipment. Don’t always rely on measurements from chemical sellers.

  2. Nice, I m producing for d first time.u Dd nit attend any seminar , but read an handout and a demonstration on Facebook. The soda ash Dd nit dissolve inmeediately , u had to leave fir d nxt day. Ti my surprise I t had solidified in d water . I had to turn it into d solution till anoda day. Though d product later turn out fine. Wat could be d cause?
    Another thing is dat I found plenty lumps on top of d solution I had to sieve bfr anything ,wat could be caus e too, thanks Rachael

    1. When dissolving chemicals, ensure they are well dissolved(Most times by stirring). Mixing requires great deal of patience too. I believe you will improve as you go on with more production. Goodluck.

  3. I gave learnt a lot in this page. God will be bless you guys.I would like to know how i can make bleach from hydrogen peroxide. Since its colour safe for fabrics. What are the materials/chemicals i need and their right measurements and how to mix them.

    1. We shall find time to post the article…Do check back time to time. Better still contact us directly and get the FREE PDF

  4. Hi gudday, pls u said the above process is for 10litres, but my total calculation from ur process ab, I feel it more dan 10litres. Nitrosol alone is dissolved in 10ltr, not to talk of caustic soda n ash. My question is after summing all these together, are we going to get 10litre of liquid soap or 17+ of liquid soap

    1. Hello Amaka, the chemical vendors will further guide you on volume and proportion. Just tell them what you intend to produce.

  5. Its Funny…Please always ensure chemicals are labelled well by the vendors selling them. You might not achieve the desired result.

  6. Good day, thanks for the explanation. I want to ask if I can use sodium sulfate as one of the chemicals of liquid soap. Also, on the measurement of caustic soda, what measurement can one use for 40litres.

  7. Good afternoon.This have helped me alot. Thank you so much.
    The last liquid soap I produced wasn’t clear (transparent)it was cloudy ☁. Please what could be the cause.I prefer it when it is clear. The soda ash I used didn’t dissolved even though I soaked it for more than 24hrs. I don’t know of if that was the cause. Please help.

  8. First of all, I want to thank you for taking your time to write and post this information. Thank you!

    I am here to ask if it is compulsory, according to the law, to register my products (liquid soap and shampoo) with NAFDAC before marketing them?

    1. It may be advisable to do so, especially if you wanna go into large scale. Please this is your discretion. Thanks

    1. Chemicals can be got from any central market near you. Just ask the market people where you can buy chemicals. Please do not suck chemicals!

    1. Just follow the instructions and you will be just fine. The word is ” Sulphonic” and not “Sulphoric”. Note that the latter is a very strong and corrosive acid. Please beware!

  9. Dear,
    You know STPP is banned by US & (EUROP) Government & you use two different foam booster like Taxapon & Foam Booster (SLES/AOS) is also foam booster.
    You can’t use Formalin 2-3 grams per kg.

    You take water Qty = 20-Ltrs. but other ingredients weight you can’t measure in above calculation.

    regards,
    M. Azhar Javed.

  10. The information is wonderful but I have issue of my liquid wash looking cloudy green each time I make it. What is the cause

  11. Hi,thank you for the guide,please I bought my chemicals today n asked for guide from d owner at the chemical store
    Ingredients used: nitrosol,caustic soda, texapon,sulphonic acid, STTP,soda ash,SLS,colour n fragnance
    Procedure: I was told to mix nitrosol in 5litres of water,2spoon of caustic soda in 2litres of water,texapon n symphonic acid in another bowl mixed together, STTP n soda ash mixed with 7litres of water,SLS with hot water for 20 min,color with little water…after this I mix everything together then add my colour n fragnance at d end,but I discovered it has lumps in it n r yet to dissolve… What could be the cause
    Note: 1. it foams well but watery
    2.I used 25litres for all.both mixing n at the end cs I told the seller I want production of 25litres. Thank you as I await your response urgently

  12. Hi there, my name is tofik from Ethiopia, I am new comer to liquid soap production business, I tried different recipes and I bought different chemicals, one is CDE or coconut oil,but I changed the recipe because my customers didn’t like it, now I am using mainly LAPSA for my soap production, my question is can i use LAPSA with CDE if i can how? If it’s impossible to how i use CDE for liquid soap production??

  13. Thanks for the article… detailed and explicit. Where can I buy glycerine and vitamin e. And what’s the quantity to be used in 10ltrs production

  14. Thanks the write up is well explicit. I made 25l quantity, at the end I realised starchy like solid below the mixture and a feeling of corrosion on my skin. Pls what can I do to correct these.

    1. Stir well next time, and also ensure you use the right quantity of caustic soda. Most people always have issue with measurement…trust me I have experienced that before. Another issue I once had was buying fake chemicals. These things happen.

  15. Thank you, I’m glad I read through. It was helpful. Can I use only soda ash, with out using both caustic soda + soda ash?

    1. Thanks. For perfect result, follow the guide. The Chemical vendors can also help you with guides.

  16. Welldone dear,ds is absolutely very educative n more illustrating. More more grease to ur elbow and may Almighty God bless and expand ur knowledge. I ? U great ??????ian.

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